The World Health Organization has announced a plan for the next phase of research to further explore all possible pathways of introduction of SARS CoV-2 virus into the human population. The plan includes five areas of further inquiry, including in China. However, WHO proposal for the second phase of study did not include study of role of cold chains and frozen foods which China resorted to many times as an excuse to stop the shipments from India and other countries.
It includes research into humans, animals and environments involved in wildlife farming and trade; animal markets in and around Wuhan; areas with the earliest signs of circulation of the virus or where related viruses have been found in animals; and additional genetic tracing and analysis. The proposal also calls for “audits of relevant laboratories and research institutions operating in the area of the initial human cases identified in December 2019”.
Beijing said on Monday, the World Health Organization’s proposal for further research into the origins of Covid-19 is “inconsistent” with its position and the focus of the next phase of inquiry should move away from China. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian said at regular briefing, the investigation should not be politicized, and that the second phase should be conducted based on the findings of the WHO team’s March report. “We need to continue to search for possible early cases globally and further understand the role of cold chains and frozen foods in the transmission of the virus,” he said. He further said, “We hope the World Health Organization will have thorough communication with member states, widely collect opinions and suggestions from all parties, and ensure that the drafting of the proposal is open and transparent.”
The WHO plan was announced on Friday, a day after director general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus urged Beijing to cooperate with the second phase of the study and to be transparent, saying scientists still lacked enough raw data on infections and possible cases in the early days of the outbreak. Beijing responded that the proposal was under review by Chinese experts.
In March after a four-week mission to Wuhan, China – where the first cases were detected – a WHO-led team of experts said in a controversial report with Chinese scientists that the virus was likely to have been transmitted from bats to humans through another animal. They also said a theory the virus could have escaped from a Wuhan laboratory studying coronaviruses was “extremely unlikely” – a theory Beijing has rejected as “absurd”. There have been growing calls from the United States and other countries for further investigation, including of a potential lab leak. Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison on Friday repeated his call for a transparent inquiry into the pandemic’s origins, saying “the world deserves answers”. WHO chief Tedros also said the lab leak theory would need to be further explored.