Smart economics you ask. Women empowerment I say.

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There was a time when it was said that educating a girl is like watering someone else’s plant. Now the trend is watering that girl plant is smart economics. Yes, I am talking about women empowerment.

Women are called as the active agents of change in society and incentivizing these agents can actually give them breathing space to grow and glow. In order to do away with this and to achieve the gender equality(SDG-5), the  Government of India has initiated several programmes like Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao(BBBP),  Ujjwala scheme, Poshan Abhiyaan, Pradhan Mantri Matra Vandana Yojana etc. the ultimate aim of these schemes is to inbuilt the confidence and feeling of independence amongst the women. As per the NFHS-4, the participation of currently married women in decision making has increased from 76.5% in 2005-06 to 84% in 2015-16 at all India level. At the same time the proportion of women having a saving account which they use themselves had increased from 15.5% in 2005-06 to 53% in 2015-16.

A mission strategy “Budgeting for Gender Equity” by Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD), ensures that the Government Budgets are planned according to the differential needs of the women and men.

Also, the Government in this regard had come forward to relieve the women of the hardships which she faces in getting pregnant and giving birth to the babies, the National Food Security Act, 2013 had in itself the provision of maternity benefits under which Rs. 6,000 per child is given to women. But this scheme had its own limitations and Government came forward with another new scheme in 2017: the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), under which benefits are restricted to the first living child and to Rs. 5,000 per women. All these steps are taken only to empower the women of the nation and provide them with every possible full fledged space to explore and expose the talent in them and give them opportunity to feel safe and productive. But still some loopholes are there in the system w.r.t the efficient working of all this, a study done by the researcher’s by extrapolating the data as a response of RTI from MoWCD and came forward with the outcome that only 31% of the eligible mothers are able to take the benefits of the PMMVY, it is not only with one scheme most of the schemes are not operating efficiently because of the inadequate awareness and many more complexities w.r.t the registration and documentation of the scheme.

The comprehensive National Nutrition Survey(CNNS) report, which is brought out recently by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, states that India has sustained its progress in reducing stunting and the number of underweight children in the last decade, between 2005-06 and 2015-16 child stunting had declined by 10% points and that too underweight declined by 7%, in wasting the decline was merely 1% which took us to 102nd position out of 117 in Global Hunger Index (GHI) ranks, 2019.

This report somewhere brought us to the point where it becomes the need of the hour to educate and empower the females because if the lady of the family is educated only then she is properly looking after the family via keeping a proper check on nutrition, sanitation and a lot much. This somewhere or I can say to the fullest help the efficient outcome of any of the programme of the government because the educated women have an intrinsic value and their education and opportunities can have cumulative effects on household wealth, safety,  awareness and health seeking behavior.

An educated woman has the capacity to uproot the crime from the nation, as she is the first teacher of her kids and her education gives a rational outlook to the children.

So, accept or not she has the capacity to create and only she can.

 

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Sarish Gupta