Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay: The man behind Byomkesh Bakshi

Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay was an Indian Bengali-language writer.

He was a well-known literary figure of Bengal.

He was also actively involved with Bengali cinema as well as Bollywood.

His most famous creation is the fictional detective Byomkesh Bakshi.

He wrote different forms of prose: novels, short stories, plays and screenplays. However, his forte was short stories and novels.

He wrote historical fiction like Kaler Mandira, GourMollar (initially named as Mouri Nodir Teere), Tumi Sandhyar Megh, Tungabhadrar Teere (all novels), Chuya-Chandan, Maru O Sangha (later made into a Hindi film named Trishangni) and stories of the supernatural with the recurring character Baroda, the Ghost Investigator.

In addition, he wrote many songs and poems.

He was born to Tarabhushan and Bijaliprabha Bandyopadhyay at his maternal grandparents’ home in Jaunpur, United Province, India, on 30 March 1899.

While studying at Vidyasagar College, Calcutta he published his first work, Jaubansmriti, a collection of poems, at the age of 20.

In 1919, he passed the B.A. examination. He studied law in Patna and then devoted his time to writing.

His stories are always very short and generally have a twist ending; in this respect, he can be compared to another prominent author, Balai Chand Mukhopadhyay, a.k.a. Bonoful.

Humor, wit and satire are prevalent in his work.

The main theme of most of his writings is romance. He was very selective and a perfectionist.

The first Byomkesh Bakshi work appeared in 1932.

One of his earliest stories, Raktasandhya, appeared in Bengali in 1939 and was later included in The Scarlet Dusk (2003), a collection of 5 of his stories translated into English.

He moved to Mumbai in 1938 to write screenplays for Bombay Talkies and other film banners.

He gave up ties with the film industry in 1952, and moved to Pune, to concentrate on writing.

He wrote several ghost stories, historical romances and children’s stories in Bengali over the next 18 years.

Byomkesh Bakshi (TV series) – A Hindi TV series based on Byomkesh Bakshi directed by Basu Chatterjee was made for DD National. The series stars Rajit Kapur as Byomkesh Bakshi, K.K. Raina as Ajit Bandyopadhyay and Sukanya Kulkarni as Satyavati. The series had two season. First season aired on 1993 and the second season on 1997. These days, when the entire country is under lockdown, the government has decided to air the series again.

Bandyopadhyay was awarded the Rabindra Puraskar in 1967 for the novel Tungabhadrar Teere by the government of West Bengal .

The Calcutta University honoured him with the Sarat Smriti Purashkar in 1967.

He was awarded by ‘Amrita Bazar patrika’ at Nikhil Bharat Bangasahitya sammelan held in Nagpur,1996.

The government of India awarded him for his teenage literature “Sadashiber teen kanda” in 1960.

Also Amrita Bazar Patrika and Yugantar Patrika awarded him the ‘Matilal Puraskar’ in 1958.

He died on 22 September 1970.


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