On 27 July, following the Supreme Court’s intervention, Chaudhry Parvez Elahi was sworn in as Chief Minister of Punjab. Elahi secured 186 votes against 179 votes of Hamza Shehbaz but was denied becoming the Chief Minister first. The Deputy Speaker rejected the ten votes of PML-Q lawmakers, following the party chief’s instruction Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain through a letter directed his party lawmakers to vote for Hamza.
The Supreme Court, in an 11-page order, said: “We find that the understanding and implementation of the said short judgment as well as the provisions of Article 63A(1)(b) of the Constitution by the Deputy Speaker, Provincial Assembly of Punjab, Lahore was patently incorrect and erroneous and cannot be sustained.” As a result, the ruling by the Deputy Speaker of the Punjab Assembly is set aside and declared to be void. Elahi became Punjab’s 19th Chief Minister.
Who is Parvez Elahi? What is his background?
Parvez Elahi belongs to a Punjabi Jatt family of Gujarat to the industrialist Chaudhry Manzoor Elahi Warraich. Manzoor Elahi, along with his brother Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi owned a textile business in Gujarat and established two textile units – Gujarat Silk Mills and Pakistan Textile Mills. In 1950, the business expanded to Lahore where they established Parvez Textile Mills. After the death of the elder Elahi brothers, the family business was taken over by Parvez Elahi and his brother Javed Elahi in Pakistan. Parvez Elahi holds a diploma in industrial management.Elahi’s cousin, former Prime Minister Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain did not interfere in business and engaged in active politics.
Elahi started his political career in the local body elections and got elected as a member of the Punjab assembly for six consecutive terms during 1985 -2002. After the 1985 party-less elections, he had set up a group against the then chief minister Nawaz Sharif on account of differences on various issues. The initiative led to permanent distrust between the Chaudhrys and the Sharifs, although they have been working together till the ouster of the PML-N government in October 1999.
During 2002-2007, Elahi became the Chief Minister of Punjab following the general elections. In the 2008 election, Elahi was elected as a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan and as a member of the Provincial Assembly of Punjab for the seventh time. PML-Q nominated Elahi as its candidate for the post of prime minister following the 2008 general elections. In 2011, the ceremonial post of deputy prime minister was created to appoint him as the first deputy prime minister having no powers even in the absence of the prime minister. In the 2013 general election, Elahi contested for the National Assembly from the NA-105 Gujarat constituency; he and won defeating candidates of PPP and PML-N. In the 2018 general elections, Elahi in alliance with PTI contested from two National Assembly seats as well as the provincial, and having won on both NA seats, he vacated them and retained the provincial seat.
On 16 August 2018, he was re-elected as Speaker of the Punjab Assembly until 2022.
Elahi with Musharraf and PPP
Soon after Pervez Musharraf toppled the PML-N government in the 1999 military coup, a group of the former ruling party emerged as the ‘likeminded’ faction. The group later turned into the PML-Q. After the coup in 1999, the Chaudhrys grabbed the opportunity when Musharraf offered the two Chaudhry brothers key positions, interior and chief minister Punjab under a new party, the PML-Q.
After the exit of Nawaz Sharif’s family from the country in 2000, Chaudhary Shujaat Hussain emerged as the principal actor. In 2008, the PML-Q leader was made the Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly.
In 2011, the PML-Q entered into an alliance with PPP, a longstanding demand of the party was fulfilled and Elahi was awarded the post of deputy prime minister.
The PTI-PMLQ coalition in 2018
In the 2018 senate elections, PTI agreed with PML-Q to win the elections and the PTI emerged as the single largest party but short of a majority in the National Assembly. By gaining the support of a number of independent candidates and smaller parties like PMLQ, BNP-M, BAP, and MQM, the PTI was able to form a government without PPP’s support. Elahi said the PTI has nominated him as a joint candidate for chief minister in Punjab. Nawaz Sharif accepted the condition of PML-Q over the Punjab Chief Minister slot. The proposal, which was earlier rejected, has been taken to get the support of the government ally on the no-confidence motion against Prime Minister Imran Khan.
Rift within the Chaudhry Family
On 29 March, Shujaat Hussain denied reports of a rift within the Chaudhry family and the party, saying all decisions taken had his “complete backing”. The statement came in the wake of his party’s deal with the ruling PTI as Imran Khan agreed to give the coveted slot of the Punjab chief minister to Elahi in return for the support on the no-confidence motion submitted by the opposition. Initially, Shujaat supported Elahi but later withdrew his support stating that he differs from the state institutions The efforts to bring the Chaudhry brothers of Gujarat back on the same page did not find the result as the sons of Shujaat declared they will maintain their alliance with the party of the Sharifs. Salik Hussain and Shafay Hussain gave full support to Hamza Shahbaz and to the PML-N-led federal government and reassured them that their political alliance would continue in the future as well.
PML-Q workers have staged a protest against Shujaat over his decision not to vote for Elahi during the Punjab election. After the election of PTI-backed candidate Elahi as Punjab Chief Minister, PML-Q decided to remove Shujaat and hold a fresh election for the seat stating his ill health, but on the basis of Shujaat filing a case in Election Commission on 5 August, he said he would remain the PML-Q president until the next hearing.
“Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi,” Dawn, 25 June 2012
“Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi,” Dawn, 30 April, 2013
Faizan Bangash, “Pervaiz Elahi: A success story since 1985,”The News International, 17 August 2018
“PML-Q leader openly accepts opposing PTI-backed candidature of Parvaiz Elahi for Punjab polls,” The Print, 25 July 2022
“Election 2013 — between hope and despair,”Dawn,27 June 2018
“Pervaiz pledges to uproot corruption,” Dawn, 29 November 2002
Sushant Sareen, Kriti M.Shah, “Pakistan general elections 2018: Analysis of results and implications,” Observer Research Foundation, 18 December 2018
Zulqarnain Tahir, “Shujaat-Elahi differences bode well for coalition govt,” Dawn, 7 June 2022
Mansoor Malik, “Chaudhry Parvez Elahi ready to become CM, claims PPP,” Dawn, 5 March 2022
Pakistan Reader is an academic exercise at the National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS) in the Indian Institute of Science Campus, Bangalore, India. The objective of this alert – “Pakistan Reader – Evening Brief” is to update the readers on contemporary developments within Pakistan, on a regular basis. The PR Evening Briefs are a part of the focus on Pakistan at the International Strategic and Security Programme (ISSSP) within the NIAS.