The International Day for Biological Diversity (or World Biodiversity Day) is a United Nations-sanctioned international day for the promotion of biodiversity issues. It is currently held on May 22.
The International Day for Biological Diversity falls within the scope of the UN Post-2015 Development Agenda’s Sustainable Development Goals.
In this larger initiative of international cooperation, the topic of biodiversity concerns stakeholders in sustainable agriculture; desertification, land degradation and drought; water and sanitation; health and sustainable development; energy; science, technology and innovation, knowledge-sharing and capacity-building; urban resilience and adaptation; sustainable transport; climate change and disaster risk reduction; oceans and seas; forests; vulnerable groups including indigenous peoples; and food security.
The critical role of biodiversity in sustainable development was recognized in a Rio+20 outcome document, “The World We Want: A Future for All”.
From its creation by the Second Committee of the UN General Assembly in 1993 until 2000, it was held on December 29 to celebrate the day the Convention on Biological Diversity went into effect. On December 20, 2000, the date was shifted to commemorate the adoption of the Convention on May 22, 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit, and partly to avoid the many other holidays that occur in late December
2000 – Dedicated to forest biodiversity
2003 – Biodiversity and poverty alleviation – challenges for sustainable development
2004 – Biodiversity: Food, Water and Health for All
2005 – Biodiversity: Life Insurance for our Changing World
2006 – Protect Biodiversity in Drylands
2007 – Biodiversity and Climate Change
2008 – Biodiversity and Agriculture
2009 – Invasive Alien Species
2010 – Biodiversity, Development and poverty reduction
2011 – Forest Biodiversity
2012 – Marine Biodiversity
2013 – Water and Biodiversity
2014 – Island Biodiversity
2015 – Convention on Biological Diversity
2016 – Mainstreaming Biodiversity; Sustaining People and their Livelihoods
2017 – Biodiversity and Sustainable Tourism
2018 – Celebrating 25 Years of Action for Biodiversity
2019 – Our Biodiversity, Our Food, Our Health
2020 – Our solutions are in nature