Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar is an Indian former international cricketer and a former captain of the Indian national team.
He is widely regarded as one of the greatest batsmen in the history of cricket.
He is the highest run scorer of all time in International cricket.
Tendulkar was born at Nirmal Nursing Home in Dadar, Bombay on 24 April 1973 to a Maharashtrian family.
His father, Ramesh Tendulkar, was a well-known Marathi novelist & poet and his mother, Rajni, worked in the insurance industry.
Ramesh named Tendulkar after his favourite music director, Sachin Dev Burman.
Tendulkar has three elder siblings: two half-brothers Nitin and Ajit, and a half-sister Savita. They were Ramesh’s children by his first wife, who died after the birth of her third child.
To help curb his mischievous and bullying tendencies, Ajit introduced the young Sachin to cricket in 1984.
He introduced him to Ramakant Achrekar, a famous cricket coach and a club cricketer of repute, at Shivaji Park, Dadar.
Tendulkar would practice for hours on end in the nets. If he became exhausted, Achrekar would put a one-rupee coin on the top of the stumps, and the bowler who dismissed Tendulkar would get the coin. If Tendulkar passed the whole session without getting dismissed, the coach would give him the coin. Tendulkar now considers the 13 coins he won then as some of his most prized possessions.
Sachin served as a ball boy in the 1987 Cricket World Cup when India played against England in the semifinal in Bombay
Tendulkar was involved in an unbroken 664-run partnership in a Lord Harris Shield inter-school game against St. Xavier’s High School in 1988 with his friend and teammate Vinod Kambli, who would also go on to represent India. The destructive pair reduced one bowler to tears and made the rest of the opposition unwilling to continue the game. Tendulkar scored 326 (not out) in this innings and scored over a thousand runs in the tournament. This was a record partnership in any form of cricket until 2006, when it was broken by two under-13 batsmen in a match held at Hyderabad in India
Tendulkar took up cricket at the age of eleven, made his Test debut on 15 November 1989 against Pakistan in Karachi at the age of sixteen, and went on to represent Mumbai domestically and India internationally for close to twenty-four years.
He is the only player to have scored one hundred international centuries, the first batsman to score a double century in a One Day International (ODI), the holder of the record for the most runs in both Test and ODI, and the only player to complete more than 30,000 runs in international cricket.
Tendulkar is cross-dominant: he bats, bowls and throws with his right hand, but writes with his left hand
He is colloquially known as Little Master or Master Blaster,
While Tendulkar is not a regular bowler, he can bowl medium pace, leg spin, and off spin. He has taken 201 international wickets – 46 in Tests, 154 in ODIs where he is India’s twelfth highest wicket taker, and one wicket in Twenty20 Internationals.
In 2001, Sachin Tendulkar became the first batsman to complete 10,000 ODI runs in his 259 innings.
In 2002, halfway through his career, Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack ranked him the second greatest Test batsman of all time, behind Don Bradman, and the second greatest ODI batsman of all time, behind Viv Richards.
Later in his career, Tendulkar was a part of the Indian team that won the 2011 World Cup, his first win in six World Cup appearances for India.
He had previously been named “Player of the Tournament” at the 2003 edition of the tournament, held in South Africa.
In 2013, he was the only Indian cricketer included in an all-time Test World XI named to mark the 150th anniversary of Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack.
Tendulkar received the Arjuna Award in 1994 for his outstanding sporting achievement, the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award in 1997, India’s highest sporting honour, and the Padma Shri and Padma Vibhushan awards in 1999 and 2008, respectively, India’s fourth and second highest civilian awards.
After a few hours of his final match on 16 November 2013, the Prime Minister’s Office announced the decision to award him the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award. He is the youngest recipient to date and the first ever sportsperson to receive the award.
He also won the 2010 Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy for cricketer of the year at the ICC awards.
In 2012, Tendulkar was nominated to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India. He became the first active sportsperson and cricketer to have been nominated.
He was also the first sportsperson and the first person without an aviation background to be awarded the honorary rank of group captain by the Indian Air Force.
In 2012, he was named an Honorary Member of the Order of Australia.
In 2010, Time magazine included Sachin in its annual Time 100 list as one of the “Most Influential People in the World”.
In 2013, Tendulkar was listed at 51st position in Forbes’ list of world’s highest-paid athletes, with his total earnings estimated to be US$22 million.
In October 2013, the net worth of Tendulkar was estimated at US$160 million by Wealth-X, making him India’s wealthiest cricket player.
In December 2012, Tendulkar announced his retirement from ODIs.
He retired from Twenty20 cricket in October 2013 and subsequently retired from all forms of cricket on 16 November 2013 after playing his 200th Test match, against the West Indies in Mumbai’s Wankhede Stadium.
Tendulkar played 664 international cricket matches in total, scoring 34,357 runs.
In 2019, Tendulkar was inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame.
Sachin Tendulkar’s autobiography, Playing It My Way, was released on 6 November 2014. It was listed in the 2016 Limca Book of Records for breaking the record for adult hardback pre-publication orders, with 1,50,289 copies confirmed.
On 24 May 1995, Tendulkar married Anjali Mehta, a paediatrician of Gujarati origin, whom he had first met in 1990. They have a daughter Sara and a son Arjun whose skills in cricket as a teenager have been receiving attention
Tendulkar sponsors 200 underprivileged children every year through Apnalaya, a Mumbai-based NGO associated with his mother-in-law, Annabel Mehta.
A request by him on Twitter raised ₹10.2 million (US$140,000) through Sachin’s crusade against cancer for the Crusade against Cancer foundation.
Sachin Tendulkar spent nine hours on the 12-hour Coca-Cola-NDTV Support My School telethon on 18 September 2011 that helped raise ₹70 million (US$980,000) to ₹20 million (US$280,000) more than the target – for the creation of basic facilities, particularly toilets for girl students, in 140 government schools across the country
One of the most popular sayings by his fans is “Cricket is my religion and Sachin is my God”
Cricinfo mentions in his profile that “… Tendulkar remains, by a distance, the most worshipped cricketer in the world.”
During the Australian tour of India in 1998 Matthew Hayden said “I have seen God. He bats at no. 4 in India in Tests.”