On 16 May, China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi and the Foreign Minister of the Solomon Islands Jeremiah Manele held a joint press conference and appreciated the enhanced relationship between the countries. Wang is visiting Solomon Islands, Kiribati, Samoa, Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea and East Timor as he tries to build a suitable position for China’s economic involvement with the Pacific Island countries. Kiribati, which had strictly closed its borders due to the coronavirus pandemic, made an exception for Wang Yi and his 20 colleagues in the delegation. They are expected to arrive at a consensus on sustainable fishing in the UNESCO protected Phoenix Islands in the country.
China’s “Four upholdings” for the Pacific countries
Wang referred to the growing relationship and said that China would continue to follow the “four upholdings” in developing its relations with the Pacific Island countries. The “four upholdings” refer to China’s practices in cooperating with the Pacific Island countries; which are upholding equal treatment, mutual respect, win-win cooperation and openness and inclusiveness in developing relationships. Wang Yi explained that China has always viewed all countries equally, regardless of their territorial size and political prowess. He also highlighted that China had never interfered in the political affairs of the countries nor sought its selfish interests in the region. Furthermore, he described China’s keenness in providing a win-win cooperation and building the infrastructure of the Pacific Island countries. Lastly, he stressed on creating an environment for cooperation and not destructive competition.
Eight consensuses with the Solomon Islands
During his visit to the Solomon Islands, the two countries agreed on eight consensuses after in-depth and detailed discussions. The eight were explained in detail by Wang Yi during the joint press conference.
First, the countries agreed to strongly establish the political foundation of their bilateral relations. China pledged to firmly support Solomon Island’s sovereignty an independence while protecting each other’s core interests and paths of development.
Second, both countries agreed to heighten their cooperation in the Belt and Road Initiative and help accelerate their personal development and revitalization. Wang said: “China will take earnest measures to facilitate two-way trade and investment, expand the Solomon Islands’ export of competitive products to China and support Chinese enterprises in investing in the Solomon Islands.” He also promised to provide zero-tariff treatment on 98 per cent of Solomon Islands’ exports to China.
Third, China and Solomon Islands agreed to participate constructively in the Global Development Initiative which had been proposed by China. China also promised to help rebuild the capital city of Honiara and continue the support provided for Chinese projects such as the 2023 Pacific Games Stadium and other healthcare and welfare projects.
Fourth, the countries agreed to help each other maintain a stable and steady domestic politics within the country; aiming at protecting the development paths of the countries. China therefore, pledged to continue to conduct law enforcement and security cooperation in Solomon Islands.
Fifth, China and Solomon Islands confirmed their cooperation in promoting connectivity. The countries agreed to mutual visa exception, cooperate in civil aviation and provide greater opportunities for people-to-people exchanges.
Sixth, China and Solomon Islands agreed to work together on Climate Change and provide support at an international level to enhance their capacities to cope with the impacts of climate change. The delegations identified marine protection, disaster prevention and mitigation, emergency responses and blue economy as the primary areas of cooperation.
Seventh, the countries agreed to cooperate on sub-national exchanges. Post the establishment of sister-city relations between Honiara and Jiangmen, more opportunities for exchanges at a provincial level have opened to the common people of the two countries. Wang Yi encouraged the establishment of sister-city relations with more cities in the two countries to advance the pace of sub-national exchanges.
Eighth, the countries decided to defend the interests of other developing nations and work towards true multilateralism. They pledged to fight against zero-sum games, bullying, coercion, interference in internal affairs and sincerely uphold the international system by safeguarding the legitimate rights of the developing countries.
China under President Xi Jinping has been expanding the country’s foreign relations, especially with the Pacific Island countries; much to the dismay of Australia and other Western countries. With the Belt and Road Initiative, Xi has roped in the Pacific countries and plans to connect them with the Chinese and European markets. The Pacific countries have been accepting of the Chinese support and have been welcoming the low-cost benefits offered by the Chinese initiatives.
“Chinese FM underlines “four upholdings” in ties with Pacific island countries,” Xinhua Net, 27 May 2022
“China’s FM visits Kiribati, where fishing ground is at stake,” The Asahi Shimbun, 27 May 2022
“China, Solomon Islands reach eight-point consensus,” Xinhua Net, 27 May 2022
“What’s at stake for China on South Pacific visit?,” The Asahi Shimbun, 26 May 2022
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