China’s carrot and stick policy against India

China's carrot and stick policy against India

Although the Corps Commanders level talks between India and China at Maldo on June 06, 2020, stressed in favour of a peaceful resolution of the ongoing standoff between them, but Chinese army continues to maintain aggressive posturing along Line of Actual Control (LAC), besides performing regular military exercises.


While Beijing has withdrawn its forces from inside around two km from the forward positions over LAC, perhaps to show an easing of the fierce standoff against Indian forces that continued for long in the recent past, India has also reciprocated by taking its forces backwards. Though the ongoing tensions between the two have apparently reduced but they are far from satisfactory as China continues to maintain its unjust claims over four other points of conflict identified at PP15, PP17, north bank of Pangong Tso, and Chushul for which ground-level talks would be held over the next ten days as per the agreement held during the aforesaid Corps Commander level talks. Further, the standoff is continuing at Demchok and Daulet Beg Oldie and also at Naku La in Sikkim in the eastern sector.

Hence the obvious uncertainty in bilateral relations still prevails between the two neighbouring countries as both the armies remain engaged in aggressive posturing in the above-mentioned areas. These besides, China has now raised the issue of abrogation of Art 370, obviously at the behest of Pakistan, as the reason for multiple intrusions along the LAC to teach India a lesson. Thus China continues to play its carrot and stick game against India by adopting both conciliatory as well as aggressive policies with a view to pressurize New Delhi to follow the evolving China-centric international order, instead of going too close to the US.


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As the whole world knows that China is a very unpredictable mighty power and can go to any extent because its military power is today in a position to alter the territorial status quo, as a noted strategic expert C. Raj Mohan opines. That obviously arouses suspicion regarding China’s real motives as to what exactly is its entire game-plan against India behind maintaining a tense situation while continue-amassing its troops and stockpiling of armaments over the LAC. As is the well-established crooked practice of China that it deliberately intrudes into the Indian side of the LAC, and that it practices with other countries as well having common border with it, then establishes its military posts by erecting cottages or makeshift tents etc.. Then Beijing justifies that captured area as its own, taking advantage of the largely undefined border line existing as the LAC between the two countries. Obviously, India will have to understand this mental framework of China aimed at forced land grabbing and also need to devise such ways and means to counter this undesirable Chinese policy.

But why China repeatedly takes recourse to this policy or why India continues to be a safe pasture for China’s intrusions is something that India and its army must answer. It is strange to note that in case of Pakistan, the Indian Army supported by the country’s leadership acts freely to retaliate with ever-bigger might but when it comes to China, the Indian Army exercises extreme caution and so does the national political leadership, and that definitely emboldens the Chinese army to pursue its unethical goals vis-à-vis India. Further, China and its army still live in the chimaera of India’s poor defeat at Chinese hands in 1962 that always give them a psychological edge and tactical upper-hand over India’s army. Obviously, such wavering and dilly-dallying must stop at both levels and, instead, a tough and clear message reflecting the firm determination of impending bold retaliatory initiatives against the intruder be conveyed that India is prepared to go to the point of no return, come what may be. Indeed, India’s Army is today far ahead and much superior to fight mountain wars as a Chinese military expert Huang Guozhi, senior editor of Modern Weaponry wrote in an article published by China’s ThePaper.cn on June 10, 2020.

Guozhi wrote, “At present, the world’s largest and experienced country with plateau and mountain troop is neither the US and Russia, nor any European powerhouse, but India.”

Although it may be a deliberate Chinese ploy, as how can an online initiative in Shanghai write in favour of the Indian Army without obtaining prior consent from the Chinese monolithic political structure, perhaps to instigate Indian Army to go ahead against China, but that is true to a significant extent. Because India’s army has now acquired several state of the art and lethal military gadgets, like long range missiles, powerful tanks, superior aircrafts and submarines, including advanced nuclear weapons, under the present leadership of PM Narendra Modi, who has enhanced India’s defense expenditure accompanied by its ever-continuing modernization since assuming the office. And that has obviously raised the morale of the Indian Army which is today in far better position than that of 1962, and it can effectively use tit for tat tactics against China in its own national interests, because Beijing, like Pakistan, does not really want to resolve the thorny border issue pending unresolved between the two for many decades, as several rounds of their bilateral talks have so far yielded no meaningful results.

Further, India must carry on its vigorous campaign against China’s ongoing highhandedness against itself by activating its diplomacy, as almost the whole world is suffering today the worst trauma due to rapidly spreading Coronavirus supposedly manufactured into China’s Wuhan Lab of Virology, besides Beijing’s rising aggressive and militarist assertions and expansions in Asia-Pacific, Indian Ocean, South East Asia, Indian sub-continent and elsewhere, including Africa. In fact, due to its inherent aggressive and crooked imperialist policies, China has virtually destroyed the peace and security of the entire world, besides killing the very spirit of the liberal-democratic international order. And that will evidently motivate most of the countries to come along a possible global alliance led by the US against China, except Pakistan and Russia and few more such countries. Further, Russia may be persuaded by India to remain neutral for this end. Thus while taking advantage of the evolving anti-China global psyche, it is now imperative for India to work towards building a massive diplomatic-architectural pressure against China in all over the world so that it may get cornered and isolated and its economy may crash down to the worst. Further, India must also adopt the same Chinese tactics of intruding into enemy’s (China) territory, when it gets chance over the undefined LAC, as sometimes one is left with no other option but to follow what an old adage says: “The best defense is a good offence.” That will be an appropriate answer to China’s ongoing carrot and stick policy against India. And Indian army is now fully competent as well as prepared to do so. This is possible as nothing is beyond human endeavour.


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China's carrot and stick policy against India

About the author

Prof. Sudhanshu Tripathi

Sudhanshu Tripathi is a Professor in Political Science and Director (In-charge) at School of Social Sciences in Uttar Pradesh RajarshiTandon Open University, Prayagraj (UP), India. His book India’s Foreign Policy: Dilemma over Non Alignment 2.0 (2020), NAM and India (2012) and a co-authored book in Hindi RajnitikAvadharnayein (2001) have been published besides numerous articles and research papers. He was awarded with the SaraswatSamman by Pt. S. R. Institute of Education and Technology (PG College), Pratapgarh (UP), on “Shikshak Divas” (Teacher’s Day) in 2016 and was also honouredthe same in 2019 by Lion’s Club Allahabad Central at UPRTOU, Prayagaraj. He is also on the Editorial Advisory Board of the Third Concept journal. The author actively participates in social activities as well. He organized a mass awareness rally in 2011, in the wake of Anna Hazare’s ongoing fast unto death against corruption in New Delhi. He was the President of the Teacher’s Association in MDPG College, Pratapgarh, (UP), during 2013–2017 and was also the Vice-President of the ShikshakMahasangh in the district unit of Pratapgarh during almost the same period.